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Umbria is a small province and is totally free of population explosion. The so called cities and towns of Umbria are actually no bigger than medium-sized villages. The capital is Perugia, with the next biggest being Terni. Other cities include Spoleto, Todi, Assisi, Foligno, Gubbio, Orvieto, Citta' di Castello, Norcia, Campello sul Clitunno, Cascia, trevi, Spello, Tuoro sul Trasimeno, Passignano sul Trasimeno, and Umbertide.

Cities & Towns of Umbria.

Perugia, it is the capital and has the largest population of up to 2 lakhs spread over an area of 6500 sq km approximately. Its territory is hilly and mountainous. The valley of the river Tiber crosses the city. Perugia is the centre of agriculture. The main industries are related to food, printing, and ceramics.

There is the National Gallery in Perugia and this houses a huge collection of Umbrian art including Gothic and many Perugino paintings. Other monuments include Palazzo dei Priori, Rocca Paolina, Cathedral, and Fontana Maggiore.

Terni, the second largest town in Umbria has a population less than 1.5 lakhs. It has an artificial waterfall that the Romans constructed way back in 30 BC. It is called the Cascata delle Marmore. In the olden days it was a part of drainage system. Today the government started to generate power from it.

It comes next in area with a population more than a hundred thousand. It has been industrialized with the setting up of Iron and steel, electrochemical and metallurgical industries. Monuments here include: Cathedral, Palazzo Spada, and Chiesa di S.Salvatore.

Assisi is a hill station. It has about 3,000 inhabitants. It is surrounded by gardens of live trees, green fields and valleys. The backdrop is formed by the Subasio mountain range. The attractions in this town include a basilica, an ancient castle, and the works of art from the early Renaissance period. Basilica has exemplary architecture and its walls are adorned by the awe-inspiring frescoes.

The population of Spoleto is not even 50,000. It is a cultural centre of Umbria and draws tourists from all across the globe. The chief attractions of Spoleto are Cathedral, Chiesa di S.Pietro, Rocca di Albornoz, Monte Luco and Pinacoteca Comunale. It is also an industrial center with metallurgical, iron cum steel and electrochemical industries. Spoleto also has the Gallery of Contemporary Art.

Orvieto with a population of about 20,000 is famous for its white wine, hand-crafted ceramics products. Orvieto has the great masterpieces of Italian art, the Duomo di Orvieto. The chief attractions are: Cathedral, Pozzo di S.Patrizio, Chiesa di S.Andrea, Museo dell' Opera del Duomo.

With less than 40,000 inhabitants Citta’ Di Castello is the fourth largest town in Umbria. Its polygrafic and ceramic industries are famous. Chiesa di S.M. Maggiore, Palazzo Comunale, and Pinacoteca Comunale are monuments worth taking a visit.

Gubbio has a population of 33,000 and is the sixth largest town of Umbria. The noteworthy attraction here is the Civic Museum, which has the second century brass plates forming what is called the “Eugubine tables”.

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